Active and passive fire protection: everything you need to know
Most people always have a security plan, but this plan will only be strong if you have active and passive fire protection.
ACTIVE AND PASSIVE FIRE PROTECTION
Active protection aims to extinguish the fire; On the other hand, passive protection is responsible for containing it. This is the reason why having them means having a completely secure plan. As you could notice, both fulfill different objectives that we detail below:
Active fire protection, known by its acronym PFA, covers everything that has to do with means, equipment and systems installed to allow fire warning; it also prevents it from spreading and is a benefit that allows people to evacuate and their belongings are not damaged. The way this system works can be understood in three categories: detection, fire suspension and mechanical ventilation. Detection works through smoke, flame and heat detectors; this is how the danger of fire is found. These devices send emergency signals that allow people to be alarmed and evacuate the place. suspension of fire are all those processes and activities that focus on putting out the fire directly and without dangers involved. Finally, mechanical ventilation encompasses all the processes that fulfill the purpose of preserving the affected area free of smoke so that people can safely take escape routes. It manages to ensure this goal with the help of mechanical fans that are resistant to fire.
Passive fire protection, known by its acronym PFA, fulfills a preventive function. In other words, it covers all those systems and objects installed to be able to mitigate the fires that may arise. This preventive measure is called this way because it manages to offer its services without people having to do anything about it. This is a great advantage, since it makes it possible for individuals to leave the place and gives time for the appropriate services to arrive to deal with this. Its way of working can be divided into three categories: structural protection, compartmentalization and fire-retardant treatments. Structural protection refers to all those measures that protect structural elements from fire. The compartmentalization are the measures that are responsible for closing the passages that connect with the area where the fire originated from the adjacent areas; this ensures the well-being of people and their belongings. Fire- retardant treatments are the techniques used to reinforce the adequate insulation of the structures of a building, which is very useful to reduce the risk of fire spread.
ACTIVE FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
Fire protection equipment is what you can find installed in your place of residence and are detection systems, such as fire alarms, fire extinguishers, fire hydrants, water supply systems to treat fire, fittings, lances, etc. firefighting hoses, equipment and accessories.
BENEFITS OF FIRE PROTECTION
Regarding active and passive protection, many benefits can be found, including reducing the risks of fire propagation, stopping the spread of fumes, preserving the thermal effects in the area where the accident occurred and, finally, ensuring the stability of structural elements, keeping them away from flames. Finally, as you have seen, each of these systems fulfills different functions, which complement each other. For this reason, it is so important that you have these measures to consolidate a safe plan